Monday, 09 May 2016 00:00

Headaches Health Rant

Dr Bergman was propelled into Chiropractic by a severe auto accident, with 2 broken legs, fractured skull and sternum along with several organ injuries. With great need and a passion for healing and regenerating Dr Bergman began studying the body’s recovery process. Dr. Bergman obtained his degree in Doctor of Chiropractic at Cleveland Chiropractic College in Los Angeles (CCCLA), California. Dr. Bergman teaching at CCCLA: Human Anatomy, Physiology, Biomechanics, and 4 Chiropractic techniques: Full Spine Specific (Palmer Method), Thompson, Diversified, and Extremity Adjusting. As a past Instructor Dr. Bergman has an extensive knowledge of human anatomy and human physiology that few can match. Dr. Bergman’s practice has continued to grow serving hundreds of families, focusing on corrective and wellness care and is dedicated to pediatric development and adult health care. With Dr. Bergman’s unique approach and direct experience of recovery from severe injury, many successes can be achieved in even with the most challenging cases.

 In his spare time he enjoys, sailing, biking, camping and spending time with his 2 sons Michael and Danny. Dr. Bergman has been Serving Huntington Beach and its surrounding communities since May 1998. Dr. Bergman was born and raised in Burbank California. After graduating at 16 years old from John Burroughs High. School, he did his prerequisite studies in Santa Barbara, California.

In this video Dr. Bergman explains on the issue of Headaches Health.

Published in Health Plus
Monday, 18 April 2016 00:00

How to Burn Midsection Fat

 

By Adam Sinicki | Weight Loss - Health Guidance

Losing weight is a goal that many of us share in common. Almost everyone, barring the most extreme ectomorph, has at some point had this aim – in many cases perpetually. This is a testament to how difficult it is to lose weight, as well as how common it is to have more body fat than you’d like. Carrying extra fat doesn’t just look bad, it makes you feel tired and sluggish, it’s bad for your health and it can even shorten your lifespan.

And of all the types of fat that people want to get rid of though, it’s midsection fat that is by far the most unpopular. Midsection fat is of course the extra fat that we carry around our stomachs, which is one of the least attractive and most common types. Beer bellies make us look like we eat too much and like we don’t get enough exercise. They ruin how we look in our clothes and they affect our whole posture.

What’s worse though, is that belly fat is often indicative of the presence of visceral fat – the type of fat that surrounds our organs. This is the most unhealthy and dangerous type of fat of all and if it’s left un-checked it can be seriously bad for you.

So what can you do about it? How do you go about getting rid of that flab?

Some Things You Need to Understand About Fat

When it comes to losing fat around your midsection, there’s a bit of bad news: it can’t be done. That isn’t to say you’ll never be able to burn midsection fat but rather just that you can’t burn midsection fat specifically. Likewise, you can’t specifically target the fat under your arms, or the fat on your legs.

The problem is that the body will always burn fat in a pre-determined order based on genetics and other factors. Normally this is based on the rule of ‘last in, first out’ – much like a good employer. So if the last place you gained weight was around your face, that means that your face will be the first place to lose that extra weight when you start exercising and dieting.

This means that for some people, midsection fat will be the last to go. Unfortunately there’s nothing you can do about this: your only recourse is to keep training and dieting until you start to burn that fat around the stomach that you’re so keen to get rid of.

And also unfortunate, is that this also applies to visceral fat. The only way to keep visceral (dangerous) fat down, is to keep all fat down.

With that in mind, how do you go about burning fat as efficiently as possible?

How to Burn Fat

There are a large number of theories and recommendations when it comes to burning fat but a few points definitely stand out as being particularly universal and particularly effective. 

Diet

The first of these relates to diet. The best way to lose fat quickly through your diet is by reducing your caloric intake to be below the number of calories you’re burning. In other words, as long as you’re burning off more calories than you’re consuming you will lose weight. This is an iron clad rule and it applies regardless of who you are or what other diet theories you subscribe to.

That said, calculating the precise number of calories in your diet every day is hard work and it’s not something that most people will be able or willing to do. That’s why a better strategy might be to approach the question in a more ‘vague’ way. Look for some of the foods that you’re eating currently that include a lot of calories and replace these with lower calorie alternatives. Likewise, add up how much you normally eat for lunch and breakfast and try to keep these figures fairly consistent. Keep in mind that the average person will burn about 2,000 calories a day and see if you can get significantly under this number most days. It doesn’t have to be an exact science – what’s more important is that you’re consistent and able to stick at it.

Exercise

In terms of exercise, cardiovascular training such as going for long runs is what most people will use in order to target their stomach fat. The problem with this strategy, is that it takes a lot of time and a rather large commitment if it’s going to be successful. As it happens, there are more effective methods available that appear to burn more fat in less time.

One example is HIIT training. This stands for ‘High Intensity Interval Training’ – a type of training that involves alternating between periods of intense exertion and periods of ‘active recovery’. Run at 90% of your top speed for one minute for instance, then jog lightly for three minutes and repeat. This way you can burn more fat by putting your body in an anaerobic state – and studies show that it can also increase the amount of energy you burn subsequently.

Another thing to consider is using weight training and resistance training. Many people looking to lose weight will ignore resistance training seeing this instead as a way to build muscle. In reality though, it’s actually just as effective at burning calories as running on a treadmill and can trigger some hormonal responses that will be conducive to weight loss. Best of all: once you’ve built muscle, you’ll increase your body’s metabolism so that it burns more fat even when you’re sleeping!

If you are going to use jogging to lose weight though, then consider going on one or two six mile runs a week. This will be enough to burn a good 700-1,500 calories each week but it’s realistic to incorporate into your routine.

Flattening Your Stomach

If you keep your calories low and use one of the training methods advised above, then you will gradually start to see the pounds fall off and your stomach start to flatten.

If you want to accelerate the aesthetic benefits though, then something else you can do is to incorporate some training for your abs as well. Training your abs through sit ups and crunches won’t directly lead to fat loss around the stomach – however it can help to tone the muscle around there which can disguise the appearance of fat by tightening the midsection up.

In particular, you should aim to train the transverse abdominis – the band of muscle that surrounds the midsection and back. This is sometimes known as ‘nature’s weight belt’ and it’s useful for holding your stomach in and supporting your core. Train this area by using stomach vacuums (trying to pull your belly button in toward your spine) or by using exercises like plank that force you to hold your core steady for short periods.

This will help you to see results more quickly but make sure that you’re patient and consistent. The best type of weight loss is weight loss that lasts. This is very much a case of slow and steady winning the race! 

Published in Health Plus
Monday, 18 April 2016 00:00

Do We Really Only Use 10% of Our Brains?

By Adam Sinicki | Self Improvement Motivation - Health Guidance

If you have ever seen the film Limitless, or trailers for the new film 'Lucy', you may have heard the idea thrown around that humans only use 10% of their brain. The idea behind this is that we only have 'access' to a portion of our brains, with the rest being somehow locked away, preventing us from fulfilling our true potential. In films like 'Lucy' where the protagonist then gains access to a greater proportion of the brain, they end up being able to think super quickly about high level abstract concepts, to remember virtually everything they've ever seen or read, and often to perform telekinetic abilities like mind control and levitation.

Before we go any further I'd like to rule out the telekinesis. Sad though it is, there is no reason to suspect that our brain harbours the secret ability to levitate things or communicate telepathically. There's no scientific mechanism through which such an event would be likely to occur, and there are no examples of it happening anywhere else in nature.

So even if we were only using 10% of our brains, we probably wouldn't be able to float if we could amp it up to 100%.

But more to the point… the whole 10% thing is nonsense. 

Where the Idea Comes From

The whole idea that we only use 10% of our brains – a belief shared by 65% of Americans – is based on a misunderstanding of the science. The brain is actually incredibly efficient when it comes to the brain areas it develops and it has to be seeing as there is barely enough room in the skull for it to fit (one of the reasons it's so wrinkly (with all those gyri and sulci)). If you look at any photos of brain imaging studies – which show the areas of the brain that are being used at any given time – you will see that only certain portions are ever lit up. This could understandably lead to confusion, but the point is that the brain only uses certain areas at any given time because those are the areas it needs at those points. You use every part of the brain yes, just not at the same time – there would be no benefit to that it would simply seem like a huge amount of 'noise'. There is no 'area' that doesn't get used.

What psychologists have said though is that we only use a portion of our potential. That is to say that we could develop greater intelligence with the right training, diet and regimen. It's possible that your IQ could be much higher were you to actively work on improving it in the same manner as a bodybuilder improves their body.

So you do have untapped potential after all. It's just the 10% thing that's the complete myth…

Published in Health Plus

By Dr. Deepak S Hiwale | Heart Disease - Health Guidance

All of us have heard the wondrous things that fish oils can do for optimizing your health. Found in large quantities in fish – as the name suggests – fish oils are increasingly being recommended and used for prevention (as well as management) of cardiovascular disease.

But, how do you know for sure if fish oils are indeed beneficial? Where is the evidence to prove that much of the alleged effectiveness is indeed true and not hype?
If you are one of the sceptics and doubt if fish oils are really that important, this article is just for you. Let us try to unearth some of the scientific evidence in support of the effectiveness of fish oils in cardiovascular and other diseases.

What Are Fish Oils?
Fish oils are omega-3 fatty acids; these are derived mainly from marine sources and to some extent from plant sources. Chemically, omega-3s are polyunsaturated fatty acids with double bonds starting from carbon atom positioned at 3 (when counted from the methyl end of the fatty acid).

Anti-inflammatory, antiarrhythmic and antithrombotic actions afford fish oils a number of health benefits in preventing as well as treating diseases – mainly cardiovascular. In contrast, the omega-6 fatty acids which are found in seeds, vegetables oils and meat support thrombosis and inflammation.

Sources of Fish Oils

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and α-linoleic acid (ALA) are the most important of fatty acids as far as humans are concerned. However, it has to be noted that human beings cannot synthesize either omega-3s or omega-6s on their own. Thus, acquiring these from dietary sources or supplementation becomes important; these are therefore called essential fatty acids (essential for their presence in diet).

As mentioned earlier, marine sources are very rich in omega-3 fatty acids – oily fish like Salmon and Tuna. To get the daily requirement of 1g of EPA and DHA, ingestion of 1.5 to 4.5oz of salmon or 4oz of canned tuna is necessary (Covington, 2004).

Vegetarian sources of omega-3s are walnuts, flaxseed oil and canola oil. 

Effectiveness of Fish Oils in Cardiovascular Disease

Numerous scientific studies have reported that regular dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids (either in the form of fish servings or as supplements) does prevent cardiovascular diseases. Some of these are:

• DART was a significant study to prove that consumption of fish caused a 29% reduction in all-cause mortality due to myocardial infarction (Burr et al., 1989)

• Sudden death due to ventricular arrhythmia is one of the main causes of deaths related to cardiovascular disease (Leaf, Kang, Xiao, & Billman, 2003). The GISSI – Prevenzione Trial reported that ingestion of omega-3 fatty acids caused a 45% reduction in the incidence of sudden death and 20% reduction in all cause mortality in such cases (1999)

• A closer look at randomized trials between 1966 to 1999 also supports the findings that omega-3s are indeed beneficial in cardiovascular disease (Bucher, Hengstler, Schindler, & Meier, 2002)

• Inhibition of synthesis of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), cholesterol and triglycerides in the liver seem to the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of fish oils in hyperlipidemia. 4g of omega-3s daily can cause as much as 30% reduction in serum triglyceride concentration (Harris et al., 1997; Harris, 1997)

• Fish oils have also been shown to reduce blood pressure in those suffering from hypertension (Howe, 1997; Morris, Sacks, & Rosner, 1993)

• Fish oils combined with fenofibrate has been shown to be quite effective in reducing triglyceride levels in blood (Gerber et al., 2008)

Effectiveness of Fish Oils in Other Diseases

In addition to cardiovascular diseases, fish oils have proved their effectiveness in rheumatoid arthritis as well.

• Omega-3s taken in excess of 3g a day reduce the severity of symptoms – morning stiffness and swelling of joints (Kremer et al., 1990; Volker, Fitzgerald, Major, & Garg, 2000)

• Some studies have suggested that reducing consumption of omega-6s while supplementing with omega-3s can help reduce the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis to the extent that there is no further need to take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (James & Cleland, 1997; Vargova, Vesely, Sasinka, & Torok, 1998)
Recommended Use of Fish Oils
The American Heart Association (Kris-Etherton, Harris, & Appel, 2002) has laid down dosage recommendations for intake of fish oils in cardiovascular disease. These are:

• for prevention of development of cardiovascular disease – 2 servings of fish per week along with other foods rich in ALA (walnuts, canola and flaxseed oils)

• to arrest the worsening of existing heart disease – oily fish that will deliver 1g of EPA plus DHA on a daily basis; supplements providing the necessary dose can also be used

• to lower triglyceride levels in blood – 2-4g of DHA plus EPA

Fish Oil Supplements
A commercially available capsule (1000mg) of fish oil typically contains 180mg of EPA and 120mg of DHA. Thus, to attain the daily recommended dose of 0.9g, three capsules will need to be taken (Kris-Etherton et al., 2002) – these should be usually spaced out evenly during the day. Liquid formulations of fish oils are also available; these usually contain 1-3g of omega-3 fatty acids.

Conclusion

Regular servings of fish (preferably oily) and foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, in addition to supplementing with omega-3 capsules, seems like a good strategy for preventing or arresting the further development of cardiovascular disease.

Published in Health Plus
Wednesday, 13 April 2016 00:00

What Are Blood Clots?

By Mark Perry | Blood Disoders - Health Guidance

Generally, a blood clot is formed after an injury when the oozing blood combines with fibrin, a fibrous protein. But, if a clot is formed internally without any injury, then it is something serious that has to be taken care of. The fibrin content of the clot is hard to dissolve. However, this quality helps in quick healing of the wounds.

Blood clots that are located near to the heart or in any blood vessel are termed as emboli. They generally restrict the flow to that particular organ. For example, if they reside beside the heart and restrict the flow of blood to the heart, it may result in heart attack. If it is any organ other than the heart, it results in destruction of the organ. The condition where the oxygen and the blood flow are blocked to an organ is termed as ischemia. It should be treated immediately as it may result in irreversible damage to the organ.

Deep venous thrombosis is the condition where the clots are formed in the lower part of the body such as thighs or pelvis. It is highly dangerous and may lead to death. Everyone who is prone to DVT does not show symptoms. Long hours of sitting in a flight journey may lead to clot formation in the lower part of the body. The situation becomes more complicated if the clot breaks and flows freely. This results in blocking of pulmonary arteries and sometimes leads to death due to difficulty in breathing.

Certain genetic defects may increase the risk of clot formation in certain individuals. Such individuals are given medication to prevent the clot formation. Heparin and warfarin are highly effective in treating blood clots.

In most of the cases, physical examination helps in the identification of the clots. If the physical examination cannot reveal the presence of clots, Doppler ultrasound, CAT and MRI scans are used to reveal the presence of clots.

Sedentary life style, smoking, obesity, use of birth control pills and other genetic factors increase the risk of blood clot formation, and hence heart attack and other related problems.

Various factors have to be considered to treat blood clots. Some of the factors to be considered include the location of the clot formation, general health of the person, size of clot and whether the clot is formed within the arteries or veins. Clots in the arteries are treated by intravenous injection of clot dissolving medications. If the clot is formed in the veins similar measures are used but if the condition is critical, surgery is performed to remove the clots.

It is a good idea to prevent the clot formation by practicing certain measures such as wearing lose garments, regular practice of exercises, avoid long hours of standing or sitting and if you are in a flight journey try to walk at least once in an hour. It is essential that you consume less salt and it is also recommended to never use a pillow under the knees.

It is recommended to consult a physician if you experience sudden pain in your chest or feel difficulty breathing. It could be due to blood clot and use all the medications prescribed by your doctor without negligence.

Published in Health Plus
Wednesday, 13 April 2016 00:00

Science Said Music’s Good For You

By Health+ Magazine

What if I tell you that music isn’t just good for your ears but your health too? Based on recent study, music has been found particularly effective in improving health, both physically and mentally. No kidding.

Here are FIVE reasons why:

1. ACTS AS A PAIN KILLER

Music can help a person feel less pain as it is a form of distraction. Many hospitals are using this method to complement the anesthesia given to patients particularly during labour. This will further decrease post-natal anxiety and pain while lowering the chances of postpartum depression. The next time you’re in pain, skip the pills and give music a try.

2. BOOSTS IMMUNE SYSTEM

Certain type of music can create a positive and profound emotional experience, which helps produce immune boosting hormones. This helps reducing the factors responsible for illness.

3. SLEEP BETTER

Don’t you just miss being well-rested? Listening to classical music has been shown to effectively treat insomnia in college students by helping them relax. Perhaps the slow music works as a lullaby to those who aren’t able to sleep naturally.

4. BAD MOOD NO MORE

It’s not something new that music can help improve your mood depending on the genre. Go for a more upbeat music to start your day right.

5. AIDS MEMORY

It has been proven that music helps to recall information. Which means whatever you’ve learned while listening to a particular song can often be recalled by “playing” the song mentally.

Finally, more reasons to have your headphones on!

Published in Health Plus
Wednesday, 13 April 2016 00:00

No Bones To Pick

By Health+ Magazine

Everyone hopes to age gracefully. Sadly, the future might be completely different for people afflicted by Osteoporosis. It is normal that it afflicts elderly, however by realising that bone density and quality decays earlier might put you always in a warning mode. Nevertheless, for the Osteoporosis patients, seeking Osteoporosis treatment is basically to reduce bone loss and stimulate bone growth. To ensure your medications are prescribed effectively for you, a Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) test could be done to measure the changes in the bone mineral density.

Datuk Dr. Lee Joon-kiong, a practicing Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon at JK Lee Orthopaedic & Traumatology, Assunta Hospital, Beacon International Specialist Centre and Advanced Neuroscience & Orthopaedic Centre in Malaysia, said,

A bone density test determines if you have Osteoporosis; a disease that causes bones to become more fragile and more likely to break. In the past, osteoporosis could be detected only after you broke a bone. However, by that time your bones could be quite weak. A bone density test enhances the accuracy of calculating your risk of breaking bones. DXA scan is recommended to confirm the results.

Other than that, Dr. Lee who is also the President of Osteoporosis Awareness Society of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor (OASKLS), explained that ultrasound; a screening test that is sometimes offered at events such as health fairs is essentially used to detect problems with your bones early on. Ultrasound is quick, painless, and does not use potentially harmful radiation like X-rays. One disadvantage of ultrasound is that it can not measure the density of the bones most likely to fracture from osteoporosis which are the hip and spine. If results from an ultrasound test find low bone density, DXA still has to be used to confirm and monitor the disease.

Before being screened for osteoporosis, you may want to think about what you will do if the tests show that you have a high chance of getting osteoporosis. The higher your bone mineral content, the denser your bones are. And the denser your bones, the stronger they generally are and the less likely they are to break. Bone mineral density tests differ from radionuclide bone scans. Bone scans require an injection beforehand and are usually used to detect fractures, cancer, infections and other abnormalities in the bone. Doctors use bone density testing to: Identify decreases in bone density before you break a bone; determine your risk of broken bones or fractures; confirm a diagnosis of osteoporosis, and monitor osteoporosis treatment.

Nevertheless, a bone mineral density test is suggested for all women 65 years old and above, and younger women who are at increased risk for broken bones caused by osteoporosis and also men with risk factors for osteoporosis, such as being older than 70. Besides that, people who lose height at least 1.6 inches or 4 cm in height that may possibly have compression fractures in spines.

Moreover, people who suffer fractured bones which bones become so fragile to the extent sneezing and cough will cause fractures. People who have received transplants in addition are subjected to this test as well as women who experience remarkable drop in hormone levels.

 

Published in Health Plus
Wednesday, 13 April 2016 00:00

Hearing Loss And Hearing Aids

By Health+ Magazine

Hearing loss is one of the five most prevalent health problems of older people. But, it is the least treated health problem. Approximately six out of every 10 individuals over the age of 60 has a treatable hearing impairment. Less than 30% of these people seek any type of hearing assistance and when they do many are told that hearing loss is a natural consequence of the aging process. Others simply tell no one of their difficulties and are astounded by the suggestion that people may already know about their hearing loss. Why do we ignore, misinterpret or attempt to minimize our hearing problems?

Much of our hesitance has to do with society’s feelings about the hearing impaired. More than any other impairment, we fear the process of hearing loss. How many times do we refer to the effects of hearing loss as “selective hearing?” This implies the will to break off communication or to ignore people with some intention of hostility. As the saying goes, “There is none so deaf as those who will not hear.” And yet the effects of hearing impairment are real and involuntary.

Some who do seek hearing assistance are simply told that hearing loss is a natural process which goes hand-in-hand with aging. As we fear aging, we tend to fear hearing loss. The well meaning emphasis on the natural process of aging ignores the impact of hearing loss. Hearing loss affects our daily interactions with others, making social conversations and interactions less fun and less fulfilling. The individual with a hearing loss may find himself in the process of social withdrawal commonly associated with aging.

This process is a self-removal from those who care and the social activities which emotionally sustain us all. The fact is, we have the same needs for social and emotional involvement no matter what our physical age. We cannot afford to ignore the restricting impact of hearing loss on our lives. Hearing loss is a treatable disorder and requires appropriate care.

We don’t always even recognize the symptoms of hearing loss. The first effect is almost always denial of the problem. Comments fixing the blame for poor communication on others are commonplace. The phrase “people these days don’t speak clearly enough”. Anger over the problem may surface as the sufferer blames others for this problem, which separates them or leads to a feeling of isolation. Finally this isolation may cause depression over a problem for which there may not appear to be a solution. Of course this is simply not true.

Hearing Loss is in most cases a treatable condition. It is very possible to improve hearing, if not medically, then through the use of amplification. Hearing aids help, and in most cases extend the vitality and improve the quality of lifestyle experienced by those with hearing loss.

All Hearing Loss should be evaluated as it is simply not possible, contrary to the belief of many, to assess one’s own hearing without a proper examination. An evaluation is a simple, painless procedure. The effects of the loss may vary greatly from individual to individual. This may be due in part to the fact that the same hearing loss may be caused by different factors. Also the impact of the hearing loss varies depending on the lifestyle and communication needs of each person.

The importance of professional testing to determine the individual effect of hearing loss and the prognosis for amplification cannot be overemphasized.

All hearing aids should be fitted professionally. Professional evaluation depends on a knowledgeable professional with appropriate experience and training. Find out what training a professional has before you commit to an evaluation. Differences in testing and evaluation can mean the difference in a useful fitting or an annoying or impractical device.

As hearing aids become more complex (and as a consequence more expensive) it is important that they are fitted by people that understand what they are doing and they are not merely selling a product.

Hearing Aids should also themselves be evaluated periodically. Varying success stories from individual users indicate that it is the professional application of amplification which can actually increase the benefit of a hearing aid, more than the hearing aid product itself. Find out what the realistic expectations for improvement may be in your situation. A professional evaluation can determine if the product needs to be readjusted to meet your changing communication needs.

Modern technology incorporated into hearing aids means that considerably more satisfaction is obtained with well fitted instruments. However it is also important to recognize that a hearing aid is not a “new ear” it is simply there to help the individuals residual hearing. Hearing aids enhance sound to fill in the gap between natural sound and your diminished ability to hear.

While there are many styles and circuit differences, all hearing aids consist of a microphone that changes sound waves into electrical impulses; an amplifier that increases the strength of the electrical impulse; a receiver (loudspeaker) that translates the now-strengthened electrical impulses back into sound waves; and a battery to provide the energy to operate the hearing aid.

STYLES OF HEARING AIDS

BEHIND-THE-EAR (BTE)

Hearing Aid: Well suited for mild to profound hearing loss. All the hearing aid components are contained in a small, slim case worn behind the ear. Amplified sound is conducted through an acrylic earmould worn in the ear. This style is a flexible and reliable choice.

RECEIVER IN THE EAR (RITE)

A radical advance in hearing aid design, these ultra-small ear canal devices use sophisticated sound processing technology to set a new standard in aesthetics and comfort. These can be used for mild to severe losses.

CUSTOM BUILT AIDS

These aids are precision built to match not only the shape of the individuals ear but also can be configured to match the hearing loss very precisely. In some case they are made using 3D printing technology and computer assisted design programs.

IN-THE-EAR (ITE)

Hearing Aid: Suitable for mild to severe hearing loss. All components are contained in a nylon polymer shell that fits within the bowl of the outer ear and extends into the ear canal. Sound is conducted into the ear through the receiver in the ear canal.

IN-THE-CANAL (ITC)

Hearing Aid: Best suited for mild to moderate hearing loss. All components are contained in a nylon polymer shell that fits in the opening to the ear canal and within it. Less conspicuous than the ITE type of hearing aid.

COMPLETELY-IN-THE-CANAL (CIC)

Hearing Aid: Generally best suited for mild to moderate hearing loss. All components are contained in a nylon polymer shell that fits completely within the canal and is slightly recessed. These are commonly referred to as “invisible” hearing aids although the degree of visibility is determined by the shape of the individual ear.

HEARING AID CIRCUITRY

DIGITAL SOUND PROCESSORS

These are programmable chips using the latest technology in computer programmable hearing aids. Sound is split into multi-channels and within each channel the characteristics of this sound can be digitally specified to match the listener’s unique hearing profile. Feedback problems can be reduced and the hearing aid can automatically adapt to changing sound environments.

Some models offer multi-programming options for increased applications in varying noise environments. Directional microphones markedly increase speech recognition in noise background. User satisfaction studies indicate greatest levels of user satisfaction in background noise with directional microphones.

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Many hearing aids these days are capable of communicating via Bluetooth with other devices, sound from telephones, laptops. tablets and even television can be streamed directly into the aids making the use of these devices easy and simple. Some hearing aids can be controlled remotely from smartphones making them easy to use as visual displays enable people to easily see what their hearing aids are doing.

Note: Kieran McCarry is a UK trained Hearing Aid Audiologist, who has spent more than 20 years in the hearing aid business. He has worked in Malaysia for 12 years and is now the Owner and Managing Director of Clarisound.

Published in Health Plus
Tuesday, 05 April 2016 00:00

Weak And Brittle Bones

 

By Health+ Magazine

Our bones help to support our bodies, keep us straight, protect on internal organs such as lungs and heart as well as to enable us to move. However, bone is a living tissue which grows, break downs and gradually rebuilt through a process called “remodeling”. As we grow old, the bone remodeling might not be keeping pace with our age. Therefore, for individuals with low peak bones mass, developing Osteoporosis will be much easier and quicker for them.

Osteoporosis is coined from two words “osteo” which means bones and “porosis” means porous. It is a condition where there is a decrease level in the density of bone and subject to fractures. It is the situation where bones drop its strength and resulting in fragile bones. In fact, Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures or breakss in the bones. On the other hand, Osteopenia is different but related with Osteoporosis in many ways. It is a condition of bone that is slightly less dense than normal bone but not to the degree of bone in osteoporosis. To add, it might be less severe but it is still worth to be prevented.

OSTEOPOROSIS IN MALAYSIA

According to Datuk Dr. Lee Joon-Kiong, a practicing Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon who is also the president of Osteoporosis Awareness Society of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor (OASKLS), there are rather high percentage of women getting Osteoporosis compared to men. According to the recent survey, hip fractures surgical remarks relatively a worrying situation where the percentages divide into 25% of the patients who will fortunately become such in normal condition, 50% will be bound to wheel-chair, stick or anything to support their standings and movements and lastly another 25% will probably die within first year of hip fractures. With only 75% who might survive the hip fractures, however they still have to bear the side effects of Osteoporosis for the entire life.

In childhood and adolescence, the body constantly breaks down old bone and rebuilds new bone in the process called “remodeling”. During this time, the body builds more bone than it removes, thus it grows and strengthens the bones. It is not a rare fact that women need enough calcium but it is indeed crucial that kids and teenagers are essentially in of need ample bone-boosting calcium. In fact, youngsters must have a balance and healthy lifestyle since their early ages to build strong bones. Diet and exercise are very much needed.

Normal bone is composed of protein, collagen, and calcium, all of which give bone its strength. Bones that are affected by osteoporosis can break with relatively minor injury that normally would not cause a bone to fracture. The fracture can be either in the form of cracking or collapsing. The spine, hips, ribs, and wrists are common areas of bone fractures from osteoporosis although osteoporosis-related fractures can occur in almost any skeletal bone.

ARE YOU AT RISK?

Osteoporosis can happen due to several factors encompass lifestyle, diet and genetic. Many risk factors can lead to bone loss and osteoporosis. Dr. Lee added that there are things that you might not possibly change while others you possibly can. These are among the factors that you cannot change but perhaps to be taken aware of; Gender- women get osteoporosis more often than men, Age- the older you are, the greater your risk of osteoporosis, Body size – small, thin and low BMI women are at greater risk, Ethnicity – white and Asian women are at highest risk. Meanwhile Black and Hispanic women have a lower risk. – Family history – Osteoporosis tends to run in families.

If a family member has osteoporosis or breaks a bone, there is a greater chance that you will too, Sex hormones – Low estrogen levels due to missing menstrual periods or to menopause can cause osteoporosis in women. Low testosterone levels can bring on osteoporosis in men, Other diseases – Diabetes, anorexia nervosa, arthritis and other serious disease. Less in calcium and vitamin D intake – A diet low in calcium and vitamin D makes you more prone to bone loss. Medication use – Some medicines increase the risk of osteoporosis. Activity level – Lack of exercise or long-term bed rest can cause weak bones. Smoking – Cigarettes are bad for bones, and the heart, and lungs, too and Drinking alcohol – Too much alcohol can cause bone loss and broken bones.

FACTS

Hip Fractures surgical survey:
25% of the patients who will fortunately become such in normal condition
50% will be bound to wheel-chair, stick or anything to support their standings and movements
25% will probably die within first year of hip fractures.
75% who might survive the hip fractures, however they still have to bear the side effects of Osteoporosis for the entire life.

Published in Health Plus
Friday, 25 March 2016 00:00

5 Steps To Control Your Blood Pressure

 

By Health+ Magazine

Men are more likely to have high blood pressure as compared to women. High blood pressure or hypertension could open up a plethora of health complications with stroke and heart attack being the more serious ones.

Given the right step, hypertension can be avoided. Here are 5 simple steps you can take to control your blood pressure (BP), as recommended by numerous experts from the National Heart institute (Institut Jantung Negara), the World Heart Federation, and the American Heart Association.

KNOW YOUR NUMBERS

To control your BP levels, you will first need to know the numbers. An ideal BP reading will usually be in between 90/60 to 120/80. Go lower than 90/60 than you probably have low blood pressure. However if your BP is above 140/90, then you probably have hypertension.

WORK WITH YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER

When you have identified the level of BP you want to achieve, consult with a healthcare provider to work out a plan for yourself. Consultation with doctor, nutritionist or qualified dieticians is recommended to plan for your health. 

MAKE SOME LIFESTYLE CHANGES

If you have an abnormal level of BP, then there must be something that you are doing wrong. Here are some lifestyle changes you should probably change;

Lose weight – Exercise more. Find a physically active activity you can partake and stick to it. Try aiming for a more ideal Body mass index (BMI)
Healthy Eating – Try increasing the amount of fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy while avoiding simple sugars, saturated fats and trans fat.
Limit alcohol consumption – If you are drinking alcohol, limit to 1-2 drinks a day and no more.

CHECK YOUR BP REGULARLY

Taking steps to control your BP will not amount to much if you don’t check them regularly. Go to your local clinic to check or have your own home BP monitor.

TAKE MEDICATION ACCORDINGLY

During your consultation with your healthcare provider, it is possible that you may already need medication to control your BP. If you do, take them exactly as what the doctor had instructed. Reducing or increasing the dosage of the medication can present you with other health complications. So please listen to your doctor!

Published in Health Plus
Page 5 of 5
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